Site Utilization Planning


Using models to graphically represent both permanent and temporary facilities on site during multiple phases of the construction process. It may also be linked with the construction activity schedule to convey space and sequencing requirements.  Additional information incorporated into the model can include labor resources, materials with associated deliveries, and equipment location. Because the 3D model components can be directly linked to the schedule, site management functions such as visualized planning, short-term re-planning, and resource analysis can be analyzed over different spatial and temporal data.

Potential Value

Resources Required

Team Competencies Required

References for Additional Information

Chau, K.W.; M. Anson, and J.P. Zhang. (2004) “Four-Dimensional Visualization of Construction Scheduling and Site Utilization.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 598-606. ASCE. 5 September.

Dawood, N. et al. (2005) “The Virtual Construction Site (VIRCON) Tools: An Industrial Evaluation.” ITcon. Vol. 10 43-54.

Heesom, D. and Mahdjoubi, L.. (2004) “Trends of 4D CAD Applications for Construction Planning.” Construction Management and Economics. 22 171-182..

J.P. Zhang, M. Anson and Q. Wang. (2000) “A New 4D Management Approach to Construction Planning and Site Space Utilization.” Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering 279, 3 ASCE.

J. H. Kang, S. D. Anderson, M. J. Clayton. (2007) “Empirical Study on the Merit of Web-Based 4D Visualization in Collaborative Construction Planning and Scheduling.” J. Constr. Engrg. and Mgmt. Volume 133, Issue 6, pp. 447-461 ASCE. 

Timo Hartmann, Ju Gao and Martin Fischer. (2008) "Areas of Application for 3D and 4D Models." Journal of Construction Engineering and Management (135: 10): 776-785. 

Ting Huang, C.W. Kong, H.L. Guo, Andrew Baldwin, Heng Li. (2007) "A Virtual Prototyping System for Simulating Construction Processes." Automation in Construction, 16:5, 576-585,

Sample Process Map(s)

[Link to Template Process Map - Under Development]

Potential Output Information

2D or 3D site utilization plans

Source:  BIM Project Execution Planning Guide, Ver. 2.2 with minor revisions.

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